Hardwood Floor Refinishing Basics

Hardwood Floor Refinishing NJ is the process of sanding hardwood floors and applying a new stain or finish. It is generally more expensive than resurfacing but can make your wood flooring look brand new.Hardwood Floor Refinishing

Before applying a stain, make sure the floor is clean and dust-free. Apply the paint in small sections, following the direction of the wood grain.

Refinishing is a time-consuming and expensive process, but it will leave you with beautiful new hardwood floors. The first step is sanding the old finish off the wood. This will remove any scratches, dents and uneven areas. It is important to hire a professional for this step. If you try to sand your own hardwood floors, you can end up with uneven results that will be magnified when the new finish is applied. A good flooring professional can sand your floors and leave them perfectly smooth.

Once the sanding is finished, the floor can be stained. This is a great way to change the color of your hardwood floors, or to match them with other furniture or home decor. It is a good idea to use a low-VOC stain with a tinting base, so you can adjust the color. The floor will also need to be sealed after the stain is dry.

When staining, you should always wear a respirator. Stains and topcoats contain volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that can cause sinus problems, headaches and respiratory issues. You should also open all windows to improve ventilation. It is a good idea to clear the room of any furniture or other items that could be damaged by dust. You should also cover wall items with plastic and painter’s tape.

After the stain is dry, the floor should be screened and then re-coated with a water-based polyurethane. This will protect the floor and give it a nice shine. The floor should be screened and re-coated at least two or three times.

A buffing machine can help to make the new coat of polyurethane look smooth and even. After the floor is buffed, it should be vacuumed and swept to remove any remaining dust. It is a good idea to wait 24 hours before moving back into the room. If you have any questions or concerns, contact the flooring company to discuss them. A reputable company will treat you fairly and settle any disputes quickly. It is also a good idea to check the Better Business Bureau for complaints against the company.


After floors have been sanded and cleaned, they are ready for staining. Staining is an art all its own, and properly staining hardwood floors requires a great deal of skill and experience. A seasoned hardwood floor refinishing company will have trained staining experts who know how to get the best results from your floors.

The most common topcoat finish for hardwood floors is polyurethane, a clear liquid that protects the wood and helps it resist stains and scratches. Polyurethane is available in a wide variety of sheen levels from matte to glossy. The type of finish your flooring contractor chooses will depend on your personal preferences and the amount of protection you require from scratches, spills, and dents.

There are other types of topcoat finishes that can be used with hardwood, including traditional varnish, oil-based urethane, and water-based urethane. Traditional varnish is darker than polyurethane and can give your floors a unique look. It also allows spot repairs to be made much more easily than with a polyurethane topcoat.

Once your floors have been stained, they will need to dry completely before a final coat of topcoat is applied. During this time, you should remove all curtains, pictures, and furniture from the room. It is important to keep the room as warm and ventilated as possible during this process. It may take 24 hours or more for the topcoat to fully cure.

While some topcoats are odorless, others can have a strong smell that will linger for several days. During this time, it is essential to keep windows and doors closed and to use a fan to circulate the air. Once the topcoat is fully dried, you can reinstall all quarter-round trim and vent covers, and replace the furniture and other items that were removed during the refinishing process.

Most topcoats will need a minimum of two coats, and each coat must be allowed to dry overnight between applications. The first coat will need to be a light sanding with 220-grit sandpaper, and then the floor should be vacuumed and swept before the second coat is applied. Most homeowners will opt for a water-based polyurethane, which has a lower odor and shorter drying time than the oil-based varieties.


Hardwood floors are a beautiful addition to any home but with daily use they can begin to look dull and damaged. Refinishing your hardwood floor restores their beauty and protects them from future damage. Refinishing can include sanding to remove damage such as scratches, gouges and dents, staining and then a protective finish to help extend the life of your hardwood floors.

A professional BCC can manage the entire process from sanding to applying the new finish and can provide expert advice on style and color. The decision to hire a professional or do it yourself (DIY) depends on your comfort level, skills, time and budget. DIY refinishing can be a challenging project, and mistakes made during the process can cost you money in repairs.

When the refinishing is complete, your hardwood floor will need to cure before you can walk on them again. This will take several days depending on the type of finish used. During this time you should not place anything heavy on the floor such as furniture or area rugs.

While you are waiting for the floors to cure, it is a good idea to clean any dust or debris that may have accumulated. This will help to prevent dirt from becoming trapped underneath the new finish.

During the refinishing process, your floors will need to be well ventilated as there is a lot of dust produced during sanding. Even if you choose to use a dustless sanding system, it is recommended that you open windows and run fans.

It is also recommended that you wear breathing protection when applying the stain and sealant. These products have strong chemical odors that can be harmful to your health.

Staining adds to the cost of refinishing. However, it is the best way to achieve your desired look for your hardwood floors. The type of stain chosen will also affect the appearance of the refinished floor. A darker stain will produce a richer color and a lighter stain will create a more natural look for your floors. It is important to understand that hardwood flooring cannot be restained more than four times, so selecting the stain color carefully is essential.


Buffing is a crucial step that bridges the gap between the coarse work of sanding and the delicate application of finishes. This important step enhances the natural beauty of wood floors and creates a stable base for the protective sealant. However, it’s also a highly technical process that requires a comprehensive understanding of wood’s properties, the proper equipment, and precise techniques. A mastery of these fundamentals is what allows professionals to avoid common mistakes during the buffing process and achieve stunning results.

Before applying a new finish, it is important to buff the floor with an appropriate grit abrasive to remove any remaining scratches, dirt or scuffs from the surface. Using the wrong abrasive can leave behind swirl marks or an uneven finish, and can also shorten the lifespan of the floor’s protective finish. It is also vital to apply even pressure to the buffer, and to thoroughly clean it between each abrasive grit to eliminate lingering residue.

Once the floor has been buffed and is ready for a new protective finish, it’s essential to clean the floor again, removing any dust and debris created by the abrasive action of the buffer. Then it is time to apply the new coat of protective finish, following the manufacturer’s instructions for use and safety. Once the new finish has dried and cured, it’s important to wait for several days before moving furniture back into the room.

If your hardwood floors have a wax finish, it’s important to wax them regularly to help protect against moisture and damage. This can be done by hand or with a machine, and should be performed in a well-ventilated area according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

Tony Tilley